1. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES continued
1.17 Financial Instruments continued
1.17.3 Impairment of Financial Assets
Financial assets are assessed for indicators of impairment at the end of each reporting period. Financial assets are
considered to be impaired when there is objective evidence that, as a result of one or more events that occurred after the
initial recognition of the financial asset, the estimated future cash flows of the investment have been affected.
Objective evidence of impairment could include:
• significant financial difficulty of the issuer or counterparty; or
• breach of contract, such as a default or delinquency in interest or principal payments; or
• it becoming probable that the borrower will enter bankruptcy or financial re-organisation; or
• the disappearance of an active market for that financial asset because of financial difficulties.
Equity comprises the following:
'Share capital' represents the nominal value of equity shares.
'Share premium' represents the excess over nominal value of the fair value of consideration received for equity shares, net
of expenses of the share issue.
'Retained earnings' represents retained profits.
'Merger reserve' arose on the re-domiciliation of the Group from Luxembourg to The Isle of Man. It consists of the preredomiciliation
reserves of the Luxembourg company plus the difference in the issued share capital (31,135,762 share at
€0.01 versus 31,135,762 shares at €1.24).
'Translation reserve' represents exchange differences on translation of foreign subsidiaries recognised in other
1.19 Adoption of new and revised International Financial Reporting Standards
The IFRIC interpretations, amendments to existing standards and new standards that are mandatory and relevant for the
Group's accounting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2013 have been adopted. The following new standards and
interpretations have been adopted in the current period but have not impacted the reported results or the financial position:
• IFRS 13 Fair Value Measurement - The Group has applied IFRS 13 for the first time in the current year. IFRS 13
establishes a single source of guidance for fair value measurements and disclosures about fair value measurements.
The scope of IFRS 13 is broad, the fair value measurement requirements of IFRS 13 apply to both financial instrument
items and non-financial instrument items for which other IFRSs require or permit fair value measurements and
disclosures about fair value measurements, except for share-based payment transactions that are within the scope of
IFRS 2 Share-based Payment, leasing transactions that are within the scope of IAS 17 Leases, and measurements
that have some similarities to fair value but are not fair value.
• Amendments to IAS 1 Presentation of items of Other Comprehensive Income - The Group has applied the
amendments to IAS 1 Presentation of Items of Other Comprehensive Income for the first time in the current year. The
amendments introduce new terminology, whose use is not mandatory, and the Group have chosen not to rename the
statement of comprehensive income and income statement. The amendments to IAS 1 retain the option to present
profit or loss and other comprehensive income in either a single statement or in two separate but consecutive
statements. However, the amendments to IAS 1 require terms of other comprehensive income to be grouped into two
categories in the other comprehensive income section: (a) items that will not be reclassified subsequently to profit or
loss and (b) items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss when specific conditions are met. Income tax
on items of other comprehensive income is required to be allocated on the same basis. The amendments have been
applied retrospectively, and hence the presentation of items of other comprehensive income has been modified to
reflect the changes. Other than the above mentioned presentation changes, the application of the amendments to
IAS 1 does not result in any impact on profit or loss, other comprehensive income and total comprehensive income.
1.20 Standards in Issue, not yet effective
Standards, Amendments and Interpretations that are mandatory for the Group's accounting periods beginning on or after 1
January 2014 and have not been adopted early by the Group are as follows:
• IFRS 9 Financial Instruments
ANNUAL REPORT 2013 36
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS continued
for the year ended 31 December 2013