Deferred tax is generally provided on the difference between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their tax
bases. However, deferred tax is neither provided on the initial recognition of goodwill, nor on the initial recognition of an
asset or liability unless the related transaction is a business combination or affects tax or accounting profit. Deferred tax on
temporary differences associated with investments in subsidiaries is not provided if reversal of these temporary differences
can be controlled by the Group and it is probable that reversal will not occur in the foreseeable future. In addition, tax losses
available to be carried forward as well as other income tax credits to the Group are assessed for recognition as deferred tax
Deferred tax liabilities are provided in full, with no discounting. Deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is
probable that the underlying deductible temporary differences will be able to be offset against future taxable income. Current
and deferred tax assets and liabilities are calculated at tax rates that are expected to apply to their respective period of
realisation, provided they are enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date.
Changes in deferred tax assets or liabilities are recognised as a component of tax expense in the income statement, except
where they relate to items that are charged or credited directly to other comprehensive income or equity in which case the
related deferred tax is also charged or credited directly to other comprehensive income or equity as appropriate.
1.16 Segment Reporting
The Board has reviewed and confirmed the Group's reportable segments in line with the guidance provided by IFRS 8
'Operating Segments'. The segments disclosed below are aligned with the reports the Group's Chief Executive reviews to
make strategic decisions.
Sports: being the gains and losses in respect of bets placed on sporting events in the year.
Gaming: being the net win in respect of bets placed on casino, poker, bingo that have concluded in the year, along
with deposit charges debited to customer accounts.
Corporate assets which are not directly attributable to the business activities of any operating segment are not allocated to
The prior year comparatives have been re-stated to reflect the change in Management's approach to follow this one business
1.17 Financial Instruments
Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognised when a Group entity becomes a party to the contractual provisions
of the instruments.
Financial assets and financial liabilities are initially measured at fair value. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to
the acquisition or issue of financial assets and financial liabilities (other than financial assets and financial liabilities at fair
value through profit or loss) are added to or deducted from the fair value of the financial assets or financial liabilities, as
appropriate, on initial recognition. Transaction costs directly attributable to the acquisition of financial assets or financial
liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are recognised immediately in profit or loss.
1.17.1Non-Derivative Financial Instruments
Non-derivative financial instruments comprise trade and other receivables, cash and cash equivalents, loans and borrowings,
and trade and other payables. Non-derivative financial instruments are recognised initially at fair value, plus, for instruments
not at fair value through profit or loss, any directly attributable transaction costs. Subsequent to initial recognition, nonderivative
financial instruments are measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method. Provisions for impairment
are made against financial assets if considered appropriate and any impairment is recognised in profit or loss.
1.17.2Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash balances and any balances with payment processors that are repayable on
demand. Bank overdrafts that are repayable on demand and form an integral part of the Group's cash management are
included as a component of cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of the statement of cash flows.
Accounting for financial income and financial expenses are discussed in notes 1.14 and 1.12 respectively.
GVC HOLDINGS PLC ANNUAL REPORT 2013 35
NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS