GVC HOLDINGS PLC
NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The accounting policies set out below have been applied consistently to all periods presented in these consolidated
The accounting policies have been applied consistently by Group entities.
1.3 Basis of Consolidation
Subsidiaries are entities controlled by the Company. Control exists when the Company has the power, directly or
indirectly, to govern the financial and operating policies of an entity so as to obtain benefits from its activities. In
assessing control, potential voting rights that presently are exercisable or convertible are taken into account. The
financial statements of subsidiaries are included in the consolidated financial statements from the date that control
commences until the date that control ceases.
1.3.2 Transactions Eliminated on Consolidation
Intragroup balances and any unrealised gains and losses or income and expenses arising from intragroup
transactions, are eliminated in preparing the consolidated financial statements. Unrealised losses are also eliminated
unless the transaction provides evidence of an impairment of the asset transferred.
1.3.3 Business Combinations
All business combinations are accounted for by applying the purchase method. The cost of a business combination
is measured as the aggregate of the fair values, at the acquisition date, of the assets given, liabilities incurred or
assumed, and equity instruments issued by the Group, the fair value of an asset or a liability arising from a contingent
consideration arrangement. The identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities of the acquiree are measured
initially at fair value at the acquisition date, irrespective of the extent of any non-controlling interest. Acquisition costs
are expensed as incurred. The excess of the cost of the business combination over the Group's interest in the net
fair value of the identifiable assets, liabilities, and contingent liabilities is recognised as goodwill.
Prior to 1 January 2010, business combinations were accounted for under the previous version of IFRS 3.
Associates are those entities over which the Group is able to exert significant influence but which are neither
subsidiaries nor joint ventures. Investments in associates are initially recognised at cost and subsequently accounted
for using the equity accounting method. Any goodwill or fair value adjustment attributable to the Group's share in
the associate is not recognised separately and is included in the amount recognised as investments in associates.
The carrying amount of the investment in associates is increased or decreased to recognise the Group's share of
the profit or loss and other comprehensive income of the associate, adjusted where necessary to ensure consistency
with the accounting policies of the Group.
Where the Group does not have a legal right to a share in the underlying assets and liabilities of an associate no
entries are made to the investment in the Associate in the balance sheet.
1.4 Foreign Currency
The functional currency of the Company and the Group as well as the presentational currency of the Group is the
1.4.1 Foreign Currency Transactions
Transactions in foreign currencies are translated to the Euro at the foreign exchange rates ruling at the dates of the
transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at the reporting balance sheet date
are translated to the Euro at the foreign exchange rate ruling at that date. Foreign exchange differences arising on
translation are recognised in the consolidated income statement. Non-monetary assets and liabilities that are
measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rate at the date of the