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Notes to the Financial Statements
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22 1.7 Impairment At each reporting date, the Group assesses whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. Where an indicator of impairment exists, the group makes an estimate of the recoverable amount. Where the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount the asset is written down to its recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is the higher of fair value less costs to sell and value in use and is determined for an individual asset. If the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets, the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is determined. Discount rates reflecting the asset specific risks and the time value of money are used for the value in use calculation. For goodwill and trademarks that have an indefinite useful life, the recoverable amount is estimated at each balance sheet date. 1.8 Dividends paid to holders of share capital Dividend distributions payable to equity shareholders are included in “other short term financial liabilities” when the dividends are approved in general meeting prior to the balance sheet date. 1.9 Employee benefits 1.9.1 Pension arrangements The Group does not operate any pension schemes. The Group, as part of general remuneration arrangements, makes payments directly to employees as a pension contribution allowance. 1.9.2 Share options The Group has a share option scheme which allows Group employees and contractors to acquire shares of the Company. The fair value of options granted is recognised as an employee expense with a corresponding increase in equity. The fair value is measured at grant date and spread over the period during which the employees become unconditionally entitled to the options. The fair value of the options granted is measured using a binomial valuation model (for options granted after 1 January 2007) and the Black-Scholes valuation model for options granted before 1 January 2007). These valuation methods take into account the terms and conditions upon which the options were granted. The amount recognised as an expense is adjusted to reflect the actual number of share options that vest except where forfeiture is only due to share prices not achieving the threshold for vesting. 1.10 Provisions A provision is recognised in the balance sheet when the Group has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of a past event, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation. If the effect is material, provisions are determined by discounting the expected future cash flows at a pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and, where appropriate, the risks specific to the liability.